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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, ± persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1–2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). [Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae. Cambridge Univ Press] Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487; Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History. Cambridge Univ Press]
Key to Gentianaceae
Annual, glabrous. Stem: erect, 1. Leaf: basal, cauline, opposite. Inflorescence: cyme or flowers 1. Flower: parts in 4s; calyx not appressed to, much wider than corolla tube, sepal midveins narrow-keeled; corolla salverform, yellow, lobes < tube, nectary pits 0 (nectaries elsewhere 0); ovary sessile, style thread-like, cleft ± 0.1 mm, deciduous, stigmas 2.
2 species: western North America, western South America, Europe. (Old Italian: a gentianaceous plant)
Unabridged etymology: (According to Michael Charters and David Hollombe, http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pageCI-CY.html, from Kikenda, an old Toscanan (Italian) name for a gentianaceous plant)
Plant < 9 cm. Stem: simple or branched from near base. Leaf: 4–9 mm, ovate, lanceolate, elliptic, or oblanceolate; cauline < internodes. Inflorescence: pedicels < 5.5 cm. Flower: calyx < 7 mm, tube hemispheric, lobes << tube, minutely triangular, acute, sinus between lobes wide, truncate; corolla < 10 mm, lobes < 4 mm, ovate-elliptic, tip rounded.
2n=26. Open places; < 2700 m. North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Coast; to Oregon; South America. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Cicendia
Next taxon: Comastoma
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cicendia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=19440, accessed on Nov 22 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cicendia quadrangularis|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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