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SOLANACEAE NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael H. Nee

Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]

Key to Solanaceae

CHAMAESARACHA
Perennial herb; hairs ± scale-like. Stem: decumbent, branched. Leaf: entire to ± deeply pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: axillary, cluster, 1–5-flowered. Flower: calyx in fruit ± enlarged but not bladder-like, open at top; corolla ± rotate, tomentose between stamen bases; anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style 1. Fruit: berry, spheric, partly enclosed by calyx. Seed: ± flat, reniform.
± 9 species: especially southwestern United States, Mexico. (Greek: low Saracha, a South American genus in family)
Unabridged references: [Averett 1973 Rhodora 75:325–365]

Key to Chamaesaracha

C. nana (A. Gray) A. Gray
NATIVE
Stem: 1–several from base, 5–25 cm. Leaf: 15–50 mm. Inflorescence: pedicel 8–18 mm, in fruit < 3 cm, recurved. Flower: calyx ± 5 mm, in fruit < 10 mm, lobes in fruit 2–3 mm; corolla ± white; filaments 5 mm. Fruit: 1–1.2 cm wide. Seed: 1.5–2 mm.
n=12. Sandy soils, slopes, conifer forest; 1500–2800 m. Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province; Oregon, Nevada. May–Jul [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Chamaesaracha coronopus
Next taxon: Datura

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chamaesaracha, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18896, accessed on Aug 1 2014

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Bioregions in which Chamaesaracha nana occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.