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Michael H. Nee

Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]

Key to Solanaceae

Perennial herb; hairs ± scale-like. Stem: decumbent, branched. Leaf: entire to ± deeply pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: axillary, cluster, 1–5-flowered. Flower: calyx in fruit ± enlarged but not bladder-like, open at top; corolla ± rotate, tomentose between stamen bases; anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style 1. Fruit: berry, spheric, partly enclosed by calyx. Seed: ± flat, reniform.
± 9 species: especially southwestern United States, Mexico. (Greek: low Saracha, a South American genus in family)
Unabridged references: [Averett 1973 Rhodora 75:325–365]

Key to Chamaesaracha

C. coronopus (Dunal) A. Gray
Stem: many from base, 10–50 cm. Leaf: 20–65 mm. Inflorescence: pedicel ± 1 cm, in fruit < 2 cm, reflexed. Flower: calyx 3–5 mm, in fruit 5–10 mm, lobes in fruit 2 mm; corolla dirty- or green-white; filaments 3 mm. Fruit: 5–8 mm wide. Seed: 3 mm.
n=12,24,36. Dry, clay soil; ± 1500 m. e Desert Mountains (New York Mtns); to Utah, Texas, northern Mexico. May–Jul [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chamaesaracha, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Chamaesaracha coronopus Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.