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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Perennial herb; hairs ± scale-like. Stem: decumbent, branched. Leaf: entire to ± deeply pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: axillary, cluster, 1–5-flowered. Flower: calyx in fruit ± enlarged but not bladder-like, open at top; corolla ± rotate, tomentose between stamen bases; anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style 1. Fruit: berry, spheric, partly enclosed by calyx. Seed: ± flat, reniform.Key to Chamaesaracha
± 9 species: especially southwestern United States, Mexico. (Greek: low Saracha, a South American genus in family)
Unabridged references: [Averett 1973 Rhodora 75:325–365]
Stem: many from base, 10–50 cm. Leaf: 20–65 mm. Inflorescence: pedicel ± 1 cm, in fruit < 2 cm, reflexed. Flower: calyx 3–5 mm, in fruit 5–10 mm, lobes in fruit 2 mm; corolla dirty- or green-white; filaments 3 mm. Fruit: 5–8 mm wide. Seed: 3 mm.
n=12,24,36. Dry, clay soil; ± 1500 m. e Desert Mountains (New York Mtns); to Utah, Texas, northern Mexico. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Chamaesaracha
Next taxon: Chamaesaracha nana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chamaesaracha, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18889, accessed on Jul 30 2014
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