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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree, generally evergreen; monoecious or dioecious.
Leaf: simple, cauline, alternate or opposite (either ± 4-ranked) or whorled in 3s (6-ranked), linear or scale-, awl- or needle-like (sometimes linear and awl-like on 1 plant, or on juvenile or injured plants), generally decurrent, covering young stems.
Pollen cone: axillary or terminal.
Seed cone: ± fleshy to generally woody, generally hard at maturity; scales opposite or whorled, peltate or not.
Seed: 1–many per scale, angled or lateral winged, generally wind-dispersed.
30 genera, 130+ species: ± worldwide, especially North America, Eurasia. [Farjon 2005 Monogr Cupressaceae Sciadopitys. RBG, Kew] Incl (paraphyletic) Taxodiaceae. Taxa of (polyphyletic) Cupressus in TJM (1993) now in Callitropsis, Chamaecyparis, Hesperocyparis. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Cupressaceae
Single-trunked tree, pyramidal in youth; monoecious.
Stem: young shoots flat, in drooping or pendent clusters, in 1 plane.
Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, scale-like, overlapping, of 2 kinds (facials smaller, appressed, laterals with tips spreading above facials).
Pollen cone: terminal.
Seed cone: 5–14 mm, woody, ± spheric to widely cylindric, maturing 1st yr, open at maturity; scales 8–12, peltate, abutting, shield- or wedge-shaped, projection generally present, <= 1 mm, pointed, base depressed from edge.
Seed: (1)2–5(7) per scale, flat, wings 2, narrow; cotyledons 2.
5 species: w&e North America, e Asia. (Greek: dwarf or on-the-ground cypress) [Farjon 2005 Monograph Cupressaceae Sciadopitys. RBG, Kew]
Tree 20–65 m.
Stem: trunk < 6 m diam; bark 15–25 cm thick, red-brown to tan, fibrous, fire-resistant; young shoots flat, in flat clusters, held ± horizontally, lower surfaces often paler.
Leaf: green, generally glaucous; glands generally visible; lateral leaf tips generally curved toward stem axis.
Pollen cone: yellow-green, becoming dark red to purple black.
Seed cone: 6–11 mm, spheric, red-brown; scales 7–10, projection ± 0.
Seed: 2–5 per scale, 2–4 mm, generally with wart-like pitch pockets, light chestnut-brown, generally glandular.
Coastal conifer, mixed-evergreen, yellow-pine forests, often on serpentine; < 1700 m. Klamath Ranges;
Previous taxon: Chamaecyparis
Next taxon: Hesperocyparis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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