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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, occasionally strongly scented, odor generally unpleasant.
Leaf: simple to pinnately lobed or compound; petioles generally sheathing; basal ± whorled; cauline opposite, petioled to sessile.
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, or head-like, generally ± dense.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx fused to ovary tip, limb 0 or lobes generally 5–15, coiled inward, plumose in age, pappus-like, spreading in fruit; corolla radial to 2-lipped, lobes generally 5, throat generally > lobes, > tube, base generally spurred or swollen, tube slender, long or short; stamens generally 1–3, fused to petals; ovary inferior, chamber generally 1, or occasionally 3 but 2 empty or vestigial.
Fruit: achene, smooth, ribbed, or winged.
± 17 genera, 300 species: generally temperate, worldwide except Australia. Some species cultivated (Centranthus), some medicinal (Valeriana). [Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147–159] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Valerianaceae
Annual, perennial herb (in CA).
Stem: 1–many; base occasionally woody.
Leaf: generally cauline, simple, entire to lobed [toothed].
Inflorescence: cyme, clustered, ± dense, open in age; terminal or axillary.
Flower: calyx lobes 5–15, coiled inward, plumose in age, spreading, persistent in fruit; corolla ± funnel-shaped, lobes ± unequal, spreading, tube long, slender, long-spurred; stamen 1.
Fruit: ± compressed; adaxial surface 1-veined, abaxial surface 3-veined.
12 species: Medit. (Greek: spurred flower)
Plant glabrous, glaucous; base generally woody.
Stem: decumbent to erect, simple or branched, 3–9 dm, hollow.
Leaf: 5–8 cm, blades widely oblong to lance- elliptic, acute to rounded, entire, occasionally lobed at base; proximal petioled, distal sessile.
Flower: corolla 14–18 mm, generally ± purple-red, occasionally lavender or white; spur (3)4–6 mm.
Fruit: 3–4 mm, glabrous.
2n=14. Disturbed places, rock or wall crevices, roadsides; < 1500 m. s North Coast, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Southwestern California, cultivated elsewhere;
Previous taxon: Centranthus
Next taxon: Plectritis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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