|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, occasionally strongly scented, odor generally unpleasant. Leaf: simple to pinnately lobed or compound; petioles generally sheathing; basal ± whorled; cauline opposite, petioled to sessile. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, or head-like, generally ± dense. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx fused to ovary tip, limb 0 or lobes generally 5–15, coiled inward, plumose in age, pappus-like, spreading in fruit; corolla radial to 2-lipped, lobes generally 5, throat generally > lobes, > tube, base generally spurred or swollen, tube slender, long or short; stamens generally 1–3, fused to petals; ovary inferior, chamber generally 1, or occasionally 3 but 2 empty or vestigial. Fruit: achene, smooth, ribbed, or winged.
± 17 genera, 300 species: generally temperate, worldwide except Australia. Some species cultivated (Centranthus), some medicinal (Valeriana). [Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147–159] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Valerianaceae
Annual, perennial herb (in California). Stem: 1–many; base occasionally woody. Leaf: generally cauline, simple, entire to lobed [toothed]. Inflorescence: cyme, clustered, ± dense, open in age; terminal or axillary. Flower: calyx lobes 5–15, coiled inward, plumose in age, spreading, persistent in fruit; corolla ± funnel-shaped, lobes ± unequal, spreading, tube long, slender, long-spurred; stamen 1. Fruit: ± compressed; adaxial surface 1-veined, abaxial surface 3-veined.
12 species: Mediterranean. (Greek: spurred flower)
Plant glabrous, glaucous; base generally woody. Stem: decumbent to erect, simple or branched, 3–9 dm, hollow. Leaf: 5–8 cm, blades widely oblong to lance-elliptic, acute to rounded, entire, occasionally lobed at base; proximal petioled, distal sessile. Flower: corolla 14–18 mm, generally ± purple-red, occasionally lavender or white; spur (3)4–6 mm. Fruit: 3–4 mm, glabrous.
2n=14. Disturbed places, rock or wall crevices, roadsides; < 1500 m. s North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Southwestern California, cultivated elsewhere; native to Mediterranean Europe. Apr–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Centranthus
Next taxon: Plectritis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Centranthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18595, accessed on Aug 27 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Centranthus ruber|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month