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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Tree, shrub, or erect or twining perennial herb; dioecious or flowers staminate and bisexual, wind-pollinated; epidermis with stiff hairs, glandular or not; sap watery. Leaf: petioled; simple, unlobed or palmately lobed or compound, all alternate or lower opposite. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, unisexual or with both male and bisexual flowers. Flower: perianth parts 4–6, free or fused; stamens 0 or 4–6; ovary 0 or 1, superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, short, stigmas 2, slender, plumose. Fruit: drupe or achene, occasionally ± enclosed in persistent perianth.
11 genera, ± 100 species: temperate, tropical areas worldwide. [Sytsma et al. 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1531–1546] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Mitchell 1988 Bull New York State Mus Nat Hist 464:17–23]
Key to Cannabaceae
Tree or shrub, deciduous; hairs unbranched. Leaf: alternate, simple, unlobed, 3-veined from base. Flower: staminate flowers in axils at base of new growth, 1 or clustered; bisexual flowers 1, in axils, perianth not persistent. Fruit: drupe.Key to Celtis
± 60 species: widespread, tropics and northern temperate. (Latin name for the lotus of Homer) [Whittemore 2008 J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:627–632] Leaves on vigorous stems may be abnormally large, and (in Celtis reticulata) differently shaped.
Shrub or small tree 3–5(10) m. Leaf: blade 30–74 mm, 18–44 mm wide, triangular-ovate, thick, rigid, ± serrate, teeth (1)7–32 per side, tip acute or ± short-acuminate, adaxially scabrous, abaxially hairy only on veins and smooth or scabrous between, ± all veins raised. Fruit: 7–8 mm diam, purple-brown; pedicel 6–10(18) mm.
Dry slopes, intermittent watercourses, in gravelly soil; 500–1700 m. s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, s East of Sierra Nevada, eastern Desert Mountains; to Washington, Kansas, Texas. Sometimes also cultivated, persisting (Sacramento Valley, East of Sierra Nevada, D). Apr–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Celtis australis
Next taxon: Celtis sinensis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Celtis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18532, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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