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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central North Coast Ranges, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in South Coast, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in Peninsular Ranges, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Brassicaceae
Annual to perennial herb, glabrous or hairs simple (forked). Leaf: basal rosetted or not, petioled, entire, dentate or pinnately lobed, generally deciduous; cauline petioled, or sessile with bases lobed or sagittate. Inflorescence: elongated. Flower: calyx urn-shaped or cylindric, sepals erect (spreading), base sac-like or not; petals yellow, purple, brown, or white, generally channeled, margin wavy or not; stamens in 3 pairs of equal length, or 4 long and 2 short, (all equal), free or filaments of longer pair(s) fused. Fruit: silique, linear, dehiscent, unsegmented, ± sessile, cylindric (flat perpendicular or parallel to septum); stigma entire or 2-lobed. Seed: 24–210, 1 row per chamber, oblong to ovate (± spheric), plump, wing 0.Key to Caulanthus
17 species: southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico. (Greek: stem flower, in reference to insertion of flowers along stem)
Perennial herb from woody caudex, glabrous throughout, glaucous. Stem: erect to ascending, 3–12 dm, not inflated, simple or branched distally. Leaf: basal not rosetted, blade 2–10 cm, widely obovate to oblong, entire or coarsely dentate; distal cauline petioled, linear to lanceolate, base not lobed. Inflorescence: terminal sterile flower cluster 0. Flower: sepals 7–12 mm, ± purple to ± yellow-green, erect; petals 11–17.5 mm, margin not wavy, purple or ± yellow-green; stamens 4 long, 2 short. Fruit: spreading to ascending, 4.5–15.5 cm, 1–1.6 mm wide, generally curved; style 0.2–1 mm, stigma strongly 2-lobed, lobes opposite septum margins; pedicel ascending, 5–35 mm. Seed: 180–210, 1–2 mm, oblong; cotyledons entire.
2n=20. Uncommon. Open, rocky slopes and outcrops, generally in crevices, sagebrush scrub; 1400–2500 m. White and Inyo Mountains, n Desert Mountains (Grapevine Mtns, Last Chance Range); western Nevada. [Streptanthus glaucus (S. Watson) Jeps.] Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Caulanthus flavescens
Next taxon: Caulanthus hallii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jan 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Caulanthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18400, accessed on Jan 25 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Caulanthus glaucus|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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