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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]
Key to Bignoniaceae
Tree, deciduous. Leaf: simple, opposite to whorled, cordate. Inflorescence: panicle, terminal. Flower: calyx inflated, 2-lipped, purple-green; corolla fragrant, lower petal notched; stamens included, anther sacs 2; staminode included, glabrous. Fruit: linear, not flat. Seed: 6–12 mm, oblong; glabrous.Key to Catalpa
10 species: temperate North America, eastern Asia. (Muscogee: winged head, for corolla)
Unabridged etymology: (Muscogee: kutúhlpa, winged head, for corolla; corrupted to "Cataba" and "Catawba" based on erroneous attribution to a different tribe of Native Americans; both "Caltalpah" and "Catalpa" used by Catesby, who introduced the plant to England in 1726; Linnaeus published Bignonia catalpa in 1753; Scopoli established the genus Catalpa in 1777)
Unabridged references: [Ness 2003 Oecologia 134:210–218]
Plant <= 15 m. Fruit: 35 cm, < 1 cm diam.
Streambanks, roadsides, railroad embankments; < 1500 m. n Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, South Coast, expected elsewhere; Oregon to eastern North America. May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Catalpa
Next taxon: Catalpa speciosa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 21 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Catalpa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=18344, accessed on Apr 21 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Catalpa bignonioides|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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