Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY

Thomas F. Daniel, Margriet Wetherwax & Lawrence R. Heckard, except as noted

[Annual, perennial herb to] shrub, [tree], nodes generally swollen. Leaf: simple, generally opposite, entire (toothed [lobed]); stipules 0. Inflorescence: variable, with bracts, generally also bractlets. Flower: bisexual; calyx deeply (3)4–5 lobed [(sepals free)]; corolla 4–5 lobed, radial to 2-lipped; stamens 2 or 4, epipetalous, anther sacs sometimes dissimilar in size or placement; ovary superior, 4–many-ovuled, chambers 1–2, placentas axile (free central), stigmas 1–2. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, generally dehiscing explosively, valves 2. Seed: 1–4[+], each generally subtended by hook-like outgrowth that remains in fruit.
220 genera, 4000 species: especially tropics; some ornamental: Justicia (Beloperone, shrimp-plant), Acanthus, Thunbergia. [Daniel 1998 Proc Calif Acad Sci 50:217–256; Hilu et al. 2003 Amer J Bot 90:1758–1766; Schwarzbach & McDade 2002 Syst Bot 27:84–98] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Daniel 1984 Desert Plant 5:162–179; Daniel 1998 Proc Calif Acad Sci 50:217–256]

Key to Acanthaceae

CARLOWRIGHTIA
Subshrub, shrub. Inflorescence: generally spike- [or panicle-]like. Flower: corolla 4-lobed (but petals 5), tube < lobes, slender, barely wider at throat, uppermost lobe generally notched (2 petals ± entirely fused), 2 lateral ascending or reflexed, lowest ± keeled, included stamens, style; stamens 2, anther sacs ± equally placed on filament, opening toward uppermost lobe, not spurred. Fruit: compressed-ovoid; stalk ± flat. Seed: 4, disk-like, notched at base.
24 species: especially southwestern United States, Mexico. (Charles Wright, American botanical collector, 1811–1885) [Daniel et al. 2008 Syst Bot 33:416–436]
Unabridged references: [Daniel 1988 Brittonia 40:245–255]

C. arizonica A. Gray ARIZONA CARLOWRIGHTIA, ARIZONA WRIGHTWORT
NATIVE
Stem: multi-branched, < 1 m; hairs erect or recurved, minute. Leaf: variable in size, shape; blade generally < 5 cm, lanceolate to elliptic or cordate, puberulent; petiole 0–8 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 1–several per bract. Flower: calyx 1.5–5 mm, lobes 5, narrow-triangular; corolla 1–1.8 cm, white with yellow, maroon-streaked spot on upper lobe. Fruit: 7–11 mm, glabrous. Seed: 3–4 mm, tubercled; margin finely dentate.
2n=36. Rocky slopes; ± 300 m. w Sonoran Desert (Flat Cat, Palm canyons, Anza Borrego); to Texas, Central America. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Carlowrightia
Next taxon: Justicia

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Carlowrightia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=17960, accessed on Sep 1 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Carlowrightia arizonica
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2012 Keir Morse

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Carlowrightia arizonica Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.