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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Tree, shrub, or erect or twining perennial herb; dioecious or flowers staminate and bisexual, wind-pollinated; epidermis with stiff hairs, glandular or not; sap watery. Leaf: petioled; simple, unlobed or palmately lobed or compound, all alternate or lower opposite. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, unisexual or with both male and bisexual flowers. Flower: perianth parts 4–6, free or fused; stamens 0 or 4–6; ovary 0 or 1, superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, short, stigmas 2, slender, plumose. Fruit: drupe or achene, occasionally ± enclosed in persistent perianth.
11 genera, ± 100 species: temperate, tropical areas worldwide. [Sytsma et al. 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1531–1546] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Mitchell 1988 Bull New York State Mus Nat Hist 464:17–23]
Key to Cannabaceae
1 sp. (Greek, Latin: hemp) [Small & Cronquist 1976 Taxon 25:405–435]
Annual, erect; hairs unbranched. Stem: branched, < 4 m; inner bark fibrous. Leaf: lower opposite, palmately compound, upper alternate, palmately compound to occasionally simple; leaflets generally 3–7, < 15 cm, narrowly lanceolate, coarsely serrate. Staminate inflorescence: panicle- or spike-like, > 15 cm, ± open. Pistillate inflorescence: erect to spreading, > 2 cm, dense. Pistillate flower: perianth parts fused into a short, unlobed tube or ring. Fruit: achene, 1–2 mm, generally ± enclosed in persistent perianth.
Disturbed areas; generally < 600 m. California Floristic Province; possibly native to central Asia, but cultivated since pre-history. Highly variable. Psychoactive resin (THC) concentrated in pistillate inflorescences; used in medicine; stem fibers for rope, fabric, paper, etc. Jun–Oct [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Cannabis indica Lam.]
Unabridged note: It is very difficult to ascertain the true range for Cannabis sativa as a naturalized plant, since it is often illicitly planted in wild areas. The great majority of collections from California come from elevations below 600 m, but very few specimens from higher elevations (up to nearly 1500 m) have been seen. It is questionable whether the sp. is really established in California at elevations above 600 m.
Previous taxon: Cannabis
Next taxon: Celtis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 4 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Cannabis sativa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=17076, accessed on Dec 4 2013
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|Bioregions in which Cannabis sativa occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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