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BIGNONIACEAE TRUMPET-CREEPER FAMILY

Lúcia G. Lohmann

Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]

Key to Bignoniaceae

CAMPSIS TRUMPET-CREEPER
Woody vine; deciduous. Leaf: opposite, 1-pinnate; leaflets toothed. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal. Flower: calyx lobes unequal; anther sacs 2.
2 species: China, Japan, southeastern United States. (Greek: curved, for stamens)
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]

C. radicans (L.) Bureau
WAIF
Plant ± 10 m. Leaf: blade 4–7 cm, elliptic or ovate. Inflorescence: flat-topped. Flower: calyx to 20 mm, tubular, yellow-green; corolla 5–8 cm, fragrant, red-orange; stamens exserted; staminode included, glabrous. Fruit: 10–20 cm, oblanceolate, not flat. Seed: 20–30 mm, linear; glabrous.
2n=40. Roadsides, fencerows, abandoned fields, floodplain forests; < 1000 m. Cult, escaping throughout California Floristic Province; western, central, southeastern United States. Possibly naturalizing. May–Aug [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Campsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=17008, accessed on Dec 22 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Campsis radicans Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.