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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]
Key to Campanulaceae
Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, hairs 0 to dense. Stem: reclining or erect, branched, 2–60 cm, 4-angled. Leaf: basal or not, cauline, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled, gradually reduced distally to bracts in inflorescence. Inflorescence: raceme and/or flowers 1 [head, spike, panicle]; terminal or axillary. Flower: not inverted; corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, cut 1/4–2/3 [to all the way] to base, lobes narrow- to wide-triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric, spheric, or oblong to obconic. Fruit: open by 2–3 lateral pores. Seed: 0.6–3.5 mm, oblong or fusiform.Key to Campanula
± 400 species: northern hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal. (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape) [Roquet et al. 2008 Syst Bot 33:203–217] Campanula prenanthoides moved to Asyneuma.
Unabridged references: [Morin 1980 Madroño 27:149–163]
Unabridged note: Campanula medium L. collected in 2000 from landfill northern of Baldwin Lake, San Bernardino Mountains, but probably not reproducing.
Perennial herb, glabrous. Stem: erect, 10–60 cm. Leaf: 30–60 mm, linear to lanceolate, thin, entire; basal petioled, cauline sessile. Flower: pedicel 10–20 mm; sepals spreading to ascending; corolla 12–20 mm, bell-shaped, pale to deep blue [white], lobes reflexed; stamens 6 mm, base ciliate; ovary 4–6 mm, oblong, base rounded, style 11–12 mm, white to blue, distal 60% papillate. Fruit: hemispheric, weakly ribbed; pores near base.
n=34. Moist slopes; 1200–2500 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range; circumboreal. Jul–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Campanula griffinii
Next taxon: Campanula scabrella
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Campanula, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16986, accessed on Oct 4 2015
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© 1987 Gary A. Monroe
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Campanula rotundifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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