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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2–7); petals 4(2–7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
22 genera, ± 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Munz 1965 North America Fl II 5:1–278]
Key to Onagraceae
Annual, from taproot; rosette generally ± 0. Leaf: cauline, alternate, simple, generally linear to narrowly elliptic. Inflorescence: bracted; spike, nodding in bud, flower only at distal nodes. Flower: radial, generally opening at dawn; sepals 4, reflexed singly or in pairs; petals 4, yellow, generally fading red, often with red basal spots; stamens 8, longer ones opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, pollen grains 3-angled except in polyploid taxa, at 20×; ovary chambers 4, stigma hemispheric, generally > anthers and cross-pollinated, or ± = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: ± cylindric, straight to wavy, distorted by seeds at maturity, dehiscent throughout most of its length, generally sessile. Seed: in 1 row per chamber, narrowly obovoid, smooth (minutely pitted), glossy.Key to Camissonia
12 species: western North America (especially California Floristic Province), 1 South America. (L.A. von Chamisso, French-born German botanist, 1781–1838) [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Polyploidy and self-pollination have predominated in evolution of genus. Not monophyletic as treated in TJM (1993); segregates moved to Camissoniopsis, Chylismia, Chylismiella, Eremothera, Eulobus, Neoholmgrenia, Taraxia, Tetrapteron (Wagner et al. 2007).
Unabridged references: [Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161–396]
Slender; hairs spreading, generally of 1 type (rod-shaped, transparent) only at plant base or throughout, in inflorescence also sparsely glandular. Stem: decumbent or erect, generally 3–30 cm, wiry, peeling. Leaf: generally 10–35 mm, linear to narrowly elliptic, minutely serrate, generally blue-green. Flower: hypanthium 1.2–2.3 mm; sepals 2.5–4 mm, remaining adherent in pairs; petals 3–5 mm, yellow fading ± red, basal spots 0 or 2; generally > 30% of pollen grains 4-angled. Fruit: generally 25–35 mm, 0.7–1.2 mm wide, ± swollen by seeds, straight or wavy, ± sessile. Seed: 0.7–0.9 mm.
2n=42. Sandy soil, slopes, flats, often disturbed, grassland, chaparral, pinyon/juniper woodland; < 2300 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Modoc Plateau; to Washington, Idaho, western Nevada. Self-pollinated. Probably derived from Camissonia strigulosa × Camissonia campestris subsp. campestris; sterile hybrids formed where both occur. May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oenothera contorta Douglas; Oenothera cruciata (S. Watson) Munz, illeg.; Oenothera strigulosa (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Torr. & A. Gray, misappl.]
Previous taxon: Camissonia campestris subsp. obispoensis
Next taxon: Camissonia integrifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 13 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Camissonia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16910, accessed on Dec 13 2013
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|Bioregions in which Camissonia contorta occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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