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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central North Coast Ranges, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in South Coast, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in Peninsular Ranges, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Brassicaceae
Annual (perennial herb), fleshy, many-branched, glabrous. Stem: erect or decumbent. Leaf: fleshy, cauline, petioled or not, base not lobed. Inflorescence: terminal, elongating. Flower: sepal base not sac-like; petals white to lavender (0). Fruit: silique or silicle, fleshy, in age corky, indehiscent, segmented, segments 2, transversely jointed, each generally 1-seeded; stigma entire or ± 2-lobed. Seed: oblong.Key to Cakile
7 species: shores, eastern North America, Europe, northern Africa. (Arabic name) [Rodman 1974 Contr Gray Herb 205:3–146]
Stem: generally ascending to erect, <= 8 dm. Leaf: cauline ovate to spoon-shaped, petioled or not. Flower: sepals 3.5–5 mm; petals 0 or 4.5–9.5 mm. Fruit: 1.2–2.9 cm, 5–9 mm wide; terminal segment 7–15 mm, tip ± flat.
2n=18. Beach dunes; < 50 m. North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast; native to eastern North America. Now less common in California, being replaced by Cakile maritima. May–Nov [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Cakile edentula subsp. californica (A. Heller) Hultén]
Previous taxon: Cakile
Next taxon: Cakile maritima
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 7 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cakile, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16523, accessed on Jul 7 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cakile edentula|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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