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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]
Key to Scrophulariaceae
Shrub [tree], deciduous to evergreen. Leaf: opposite [alternate or ± whorled], short-petioled to sessile, linear to oblong or lanceolate. Flower: generally fragrant; calyx ± bell-shaped, lobes generally 4, ± <= tube; corolla bell- to funnel-shaped or salverform, lobes generally 4, < tube, abruptly spreading; stamens generally 4, anthers ± sessile. Fruit: 2-parted; calyx persistent. Seed: many, generally winged.Key to Buddleja
± 100 species: America, Africa, Asia. (Rev. Adam Buddle, England, 1660–1715) [Norman 1967 Gentes Herb 10:47–114] Treated in Buddlejaceae in TJM (1993).
Shrub, small tree < 10 m, deciduous. Stem: twig ± 4-angled. Leaf: 1.5–10 cm, linear to oblong, entire, margins ± rolled under, adaxially glabrous, shiny, olive-green, abaxially white, hairs dense, stellate. Inflorescence: panicle-like, ± 12 cm, wide-spreading. Flower: corolla ± salverform, white or cream, occasionally with ± red spot in center, tube ± 2.5 mm, lobes ± 1 mm; stamens exserted. Fruit: ± 2 mm, ovoid, exserted from persistent calyx. Seed: not winged.
Disturbed areas, chaparral; 500–1000 m. Western Transverse Ranges (Santa Monica Mtns), San Gabriel Mountains; native to South Africa. Sep–Oct [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Buddleja davidii
Next taxon: Buddleja utahensis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Buddleja, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16355, accessed on Jul 31 2014
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