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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]
Key to Scrophulariaceae
Shrub [tree], deciduous to evergreen. Leaf: opposite [alternate or ± whorled], short-petioled to sessile, linear to oblong or lanceolate. Flower: generally fragrant; calyx ± bell-shaped, lobes generally 4, ± <= tube; corolla bell- to funnel-shaped or salverform, lobes generally 4, < tube, abruptly spreading; stamens generally 4, anthers ± sessile. Fruit: 2-parted; calyx persistent. Seed: many, generally winged.Key to Buddleja
± 100 species: America, Africa, Asia. (Rev. Adam Buddle, England, 1660–1715) [Norman 1967 Gentes Herb 10:47–114] Treated in Buddlejaceae in TJM (1993).
Shrub < 5 m, deciduous to semi-evergreen. Leaf: 5–30 cm, lanceolate, serrate to ± entire, adaxially dark green, hairs sparse, generally branched, abaxially white, hairs dense, generally branched. Inflorescence: panicle-like, 15–25 cm, slender, cylindric. Flower: calyx ± 3 mm; corolla salverform, lilac to purple with central orange spot, tube ± 10 mm, lobes 2–3 mm; stamens included. Fruit: 5–6 mm. Seed: winged at both ends.
Disturbed, generally ± damp soil; < 200 m. Klamath Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area; native to China. Commonly cultivated in California. May–Sep WEEDINESS: Potentially problematic weed [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Buddleja
Next taxon: Buddleja saligna
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Buddleja, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16349, accessed on Oct 4 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Buddleja davidii|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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