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Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Themidaceae
Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1–6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2–70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally ± erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.Key to Brodiaea
± 18 species: mostly endemic to California. (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744–1824) [Preston 2006 Novon 16:254–259] Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
Unabridged references: [Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46–54; Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187–198]
Inflorescence: scape 20–70 cm, stout; pedicel <= 10 cm. Flower: perianth 29.5–44 mm, tube 8–12.5 mm, cylindric, translucent, splitting in fruit, lobes 20.5–32.5 mm, violet, lavender, or pink (white), ascending, tips recurved, outer 4–7.5 mm wide, inner 6–10.5 mm wide; staminodes reflexed above middle, 14.5–22 mm, linear, white, narrowed at tip, margins 1/4–1/2 inrolled, wavy or toothed; filaments 6.5–11 mm, occasionally with a forked appendage at tip, anthers 9–13 mm, linear; ovary 6–9.5 mm, style 15.5–23 mm.
n=6. Grassland, open woodland, rocky or gravelly soils; 50–315 m. Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n Sacramento Valley; southern Oregon (reported). [Brodiaea grandiflora Sm. var. elatior Baker; Hookera californica (Lindl.) Greene] Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Brodiaea appendiculata
Next taxon: Brodiaea coronaria
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Brodiaea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16140, accessed on Nov 30 2015
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Brodiaea californica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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