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Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Themidaceae
Corm ± spheric, daughter corms 1–3 on stalks. Leaf: 1–8, keeled, entire, withered in flower. Inflorescence: scape stiff, straight, cylindric, minute-scabrous; bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds, scarious in flower; pedicels ray-like, ascending to erect, jointed; flowers 10–35+. Flower: perianth parts ± free at base, not forming obvious tube, golden-yellow, striped ± brown or green, lobes ascending to spreading; stamens 6, filaments ± 6 mm, parallel to style, dilated bases fused to form nectar cup with shallow to awned cusps, or leaning away from style, leaving dilated bases separated, not forming cup, distally thread-like, anthers attached near base; style ± 5 mm, thread- or club-like, persistent, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: 5–6 mm, ± spheric, 3-angled, sessile. Seed: angled, wrinkled, black-crusted.Key to Bloomeria
3 species: central and southern California, northern Baja California. (H.G. Bloomer, early San Francisco botanist)
Unabridged etymology: (Dr. H.G. Bloomer, early San Francisco botanist, one of three founders of the California Academy of Sciences)
Unabridged references: [Hoover 1955 Herbertia 11:13–23; Ingram 1953 Madroño 12:19–27]
Leaf: generally 1, < 30 cm, 3–15 mm wide. Inflorescence: scape 15–70 cm; pedicels 0.5–6.5 cm. Flower: perianth 5–13 mm, lobes abruptly spreading at base, yellow with brown midvein; filaments 3–10 mm, parallel to style, nectar cup shallow, cusps obtuse to acute, anthers 1.5–3 mm; ovary 2–3 mm, style ± 6 mm, > ovary.
n=9. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Allium croceum Torr.]
Previous taxon: Bloomeria clevelandii
Next taxon: Bloomeria crocea var. aurea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 12 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Bloomeria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15764, accessed on Mar 12 2014
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