|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Plants in soil [climbing]; rhizome short- to long-creeping to erect, scaly; new growth often ± red. Leaf: of 1 or 2 kinds, fertile, sterile; stipe in ×-section with vascular strands in circle; blade [(simple or 2-pinnate)] deeply pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, pinnae deeply pinnately lobed or not, hairs generally 0; veins free or netted. Sporangia: sori linear to oblong, along veins parallel to nearest midrib; indusium shaped ± like sorus, opening towards nearest midrib; stalk cells in 2–3 rows; spores elliptic, scar linear.
± 9 genera, ± 250 species: worldwide, especially tropics; several species cultivated. New classification badly needed, in which all genera but Woodwardia are placed under Blechnum or, preferably, ± 25 genera, including ± 10 new ones, are recognized. —Scientific Editors: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Blechnaceae
Rhizome suberect [or long-creeping, climbing, or erect]. Leaf: of [± 1] or 2 kinds, fertile > sterile, with much narrower pinnae or lobes; lower pinnae reduced or not; veins of sterile leaves free.
> 200 species: worldwide, especially tropics, subtropics. (Greek: ancient name for ferns)
Unabridged note: Not monophyletic. Reclassification needed, in which Blechnum spicant probably will be treated in Struthiopteris.
Leaf: stipe short, base ± black, with persistent ± brown scales; sterile leaves forming rosette, spreading to arching, firm, deeply pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, generally < 1 m, 2–10 cm wide; pinnae generally 20–80 pairs, 5–8 mm wide, entire to shallowly crenate, lower gradually reduced to semicircular lobes < 5 mm; fertile leaves appearing after sterile, in center of rosette, ± erect, 1-pinnate, > sterile, pinnae ± 2 mm wide, unlobed.
2n=68. Shaded, neutral to acid moist areas; ± 0–1500 m. North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, n High Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area; to Alaska, Idaho; Europe, southwestern Asia, northern Africa. [Struthiopteris spicant (L.) Weiss] Locally common. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Blechnum
Next taxon: Woodwardia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Blechnum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15738, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Blechnum spicant|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month