|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, shrub, [ tree], generally rhizomed, caudexed or not, glabrous, glaucous, or hairy.
Stem: spreading to erect, branched or not.
Leaf: simple, 1–3- ternate, or pinnately compound, basal and cauline, generally alternate, deciduous or evergreen, petioled, stipuled.
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, or panicle, scapose, terminal, or axillary.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 6–18 or 0, generally in whorls of 3; petals generally 6, in 2 whorls of 3, or 0; stamens 6–12(13), free or fused at base, in 2 whorls or not, anthers dehiscent by flap-like valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules generally 1–10, style 1 or 0, stigma flat or spheric.
Fruit: berry, capsule, achene [ follicle].
16 genera, ± 670 species: temperate, tropics worldwide; some cultivated (Berberis, Epimedium, Nandina (heavenly bamboo), Vancouveria). [Wang 2007 Syst Bot 32:731–742] Lower sepals sometimes called "bracteoles", inner petals "staminodes". —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ernst 1964 J Arnold Arbor 45:1–35]
Key to Berberidaceae
Shrub, generally rhizomed.Key to Berberis
Stem: spreading to erect, branched, spiny or not, vine-like or not; inner bark, wood generally bright yellow; over-wintering bud scales deciduous or not.
Leaf: simple or pinnately compound, cauline, alternate, generally leathery, generally persistent; leaflets generally 3–11, ± round to lanceolate, generally spine-toothed.
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary or terminal.
Flower: sepals 9 in 3 whorls of 3; petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, bases generally glandular; stamens 6; ovules 2–9, stigma ± spheric.
Fruit: berry, spheric to elliptic, generally purple-black.
± 600 species: temperate worldwide. (Latin: ancient Arabic name for barberry) [Kim 2004 J Plant Res 117:175–182] Roots often TOXIC: spines may inject fungal spores into skin. Contact with filament causes stamen to snap inward, possibly to deposit pollen on pollinator.
Unabridged references: [Moran 1982 Phytologia 52:221–226, for relationship between Berberis, Mahonia.]
Stem: erect, 0.1–4(5) m; bud scales < 5 mm, generally deciduous.
Leaf: 3–6 cm, crowded on short lateral stems; petiole < 1 cm; leaflets 3–7(9), terminal 1.5–2.5 cm, 1–1.5 cm wide, generally lance- ovate, wavy, generally folded along midrib, base truncate to wedge-shaped, tip generally acute, margin ± lobed, spines 3–8 per side, 2–3 mm.
Inflorescence: 4–5.5 cm, open; axis internodes 2–10 mm, 5–10 mm in fruit; flowers 8–12.
Fruit: 6–15 mm diam, ± spheric, glaucous, yellow- to purple-red.
Seed: 3–4 mm.
Rocky slopes, pinyon/juniper woodland, chaparral; 900–1850 m. Peninsular Ranges, eastern&s Mojave Desert;
Previous taxon: Berberis darwinii
Next taxon: Berberis haematocarpa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
Copyright © 2012 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month