|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]
Key to Campanulaceae
Perennial herb, from taproot, hairs 0 or sparse. Stem: reclining or erect, branched, 2–150 cm, 4-angled. Leaf: cauline, also basal or not, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin to leathery, toothed, petiole 0 or short. Inflorescence: flowers generally 2–4+ per node. Flower: not inverted; corolla widely funnel-shaped, pale to deep blue, lobes lance-linear; ovary inferior, hemispheric, ribbed. Fruit: open by 2–3 lateral pores. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
± 27 species: northern hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal. (Greek: possibly not together, from divided corolla)
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1945 Bartonia 23:36]
Perennial herb, ± sturdy. Leaf: 10–60 mm, serrate; petiole generally < 5 mm. Flower: pedicel 2–6(20) mm; sepals spreading to reflexed; corolla 7–14 mm, funnel-shaped, lobes erect in lower 1/2, reflexed in upper; stamens 6 mm, base ciliate; ovary 2.5–5 mm, hemispheric, style 15–18 mm, curved or not, blue, distal 55% papillate. Fruit: hemispheric; base cordate, strongly ribbed; pores at or below middle. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
n=16,17. Montane, redwood forests; 50–2000 m. Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, nw&n-c Sierra Nevada, s High Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, w San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges; Oregon. [Campanula prenanthoides Durand] Plants with large leaves scattered in Northwestern California and especially northern Sierra Nevada. Jun–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Asyneuma
Next taxon: Campanula
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Asyneuma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15138, accessed on Sep 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2003 Sharon Salisbury
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Asyneuma prenanthoides|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month