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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Nancy R. Morin, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]

Key to Campanulaceae

Perennial herb, from taproot, hairs 0 or sparse. Stem: reclining or erect, branched, 2–150 cm, 4-angled. Leaf: cauline, also basal or not, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin to leathery, toothed, petiole 0 or short. Inflorescence: flowers generally 2–4+ per node. Flower: not inverted; corolla widely funnel-shaped, pale to deep blue, lobes lance-linear; ovary inferior, hemispheric, ribbed. Fruit: open by 2–3 lateral pores. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
± 27 species: northern hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal. (Greek: possibly not together, from divided corolla)
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1945 Bartonia 23:36]

A. prenanthoides (Durand) McVaugh
Perennial herb, ± sturdy. Leaf: 10–60 mm, serrate; petiole generally < 5 mm. Flower: pedicel 2–6(20) mm; sepals spreading to reflexed; corolla 7–14 mm, funnel-shaped, lobes erect in lower 1/2, reflexed in upper; stamens 6 mm, base ciliate; ovary 2.5–5 mm, hemispheric, style 15–18 mm, curved or not, blue, distal 55% papillate. Fruit: hemispheric; base cordate, strongly ribbed; pores at or below middle. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
n=16,17. Montane, redwood forests; 50–2000 m. Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, nw&n-c Sierra Nevada, s High Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, w San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges; Oregon. [Campanula prenanthoides Durand] Plants with large leaves scattered in Northwestern California and especially northern Sierra Nevada. Jun–Sep [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Asyneuma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Asyneuma prenanthoides
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2003 Sharon Salisbury

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Asyneuma prenanthoides Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.