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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]
Key to Campanulaceae
Perennial herb, from taproot, hairs 0 or sparse. Stem: reclining or erect, branched, 2–150 cm, 4-angled. Leaf: cauline, also basal or not, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin to leathery, toothed, petiole 0 or short. Inflorescence: flowers generally 2–4+ per node. Flower: not inverted; corolla widely funnel-shaped, pale to deep blue, lobes lance-linear; ovary inferior, hemispheric, ribbed. Fruit: open by 2–3 lateral pores. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
± 27 species: northern hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal. (Greek: possibly not together, from divided corolla)
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1945 Bartonia 23:36]
Perennial herb, ± sturdy. Leaf: 10–60 mm, serrate; petiole generally < 5 mm. Flower: pedicel 2–6(20) mm; sepals spreading to reflexed; corolla 7–14 mm, funnel-shaped, lobes erect in lower 1/2, reflexed in upper; stamens 6 mm, base ciliate; ovary 2.5–5 mm, hemispheric, style 15–18 mm, curved or not, blue, distal 55% papillate. Fruit: hemispheric; base cordate, strongly ribbed; pores at or below middle. Seed: 2 mm, oblong.
n=16,17. Montane, redwood forests; 50–2000 m. Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, nw&n-c Sierra Nevada, s High Sierra Nevada, w San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges; Oregon. [Campanula prenanthoides Durand] Plants with large leaves scattered in Northwestern California and especially northern Sierra Nevada. Jun–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Asyneuma
Next taxon: Campanula
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 17 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Asyneuma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15138, accessed on Apr 17 2014
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Charles Webber © 1998 California Academy of Sciences
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