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ASPHODELACEAE ASPHODEL FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or ± so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5–27 cm, 0.5–3 mm wide) [to large (1.9–4 m, 3–6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or ± bilateral, free or ± fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6–many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, ± black, black-brown.
± 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Asphodelaceae

ASPHODELUS ASPHODEL
Annual, perennial herb. Leaf: basal, alternate, linear, entire. Inflorescence: bracts persistent, narrowly lanceolate, scarious; pedicels jointed. Flower: perianth parts ± free, white or ± pink; filaments widened, especially toward base; stigma head-like, ± 3-lobed. Seed: 6, black.
12 species: southern Europe. (Greek: ancient name, flower of Hades and the dead)

A. fistulosus L.
NATURALIZED
Annual or short-lived perennial herb; roots many from ± tuber-like stem bases. Stem: 15–70 cm, branched, hollow. Leaf: many, 10–30 cm, ± 4 mm diam, ± cylindric, hollow, bases wide, membranous. Inflorescence: open. Flower: 5–12 mm; perianth parts oblong, obtuse, white, midrib white or brown-orange; stamens exserted, of 2 lengths, longest = style. Fruit: 5–7 mm, ± spheric. Seed: 3–4 mm.
2n=28,56. Disturbed areas, fields; < 50 m. s San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands (San Clemente Island), expected elsewhere; native to southern Europe. Mar–Jul {Noxious weed} [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 21 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Asphodelus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=14494, accessed on Aug 21 2014

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click for enlargement Asphodelus fistulosus
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2007 Pasi Rein

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Asphodelus fistulosus Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.