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ARISTOLOCHIACEAE PIPEVINE FAMILY

Michael R. Mesler & Karen Lu

Perennial herb, woody vine, [shrub], rhizomed, aromatic. Stem: branched, occasionally ± underground. Leaf: simple, basal, cauline, or arising from rhizome, alternate; blade generally cordate, entire. Inflorescence: flower generally 1, axillary or terminal. Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 3, free or fused; petals generally 0; stamens generally 6 or 12, free or fused to style; pistil generally 1, ovary ± or partly inferior, chambers generally 6. Fruit: generally capsule. Seed: many.
5–8 genera, ± 500 species: mainly tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated (Aristolochia, Asarum, Saruma). [Neinhaus et al. 2005 Plant Syst Evol 250:7–26] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Aristolochiaceae

ASARUM WILD-GINGER
Rhizome shallowly horizontal or deeply ± vertical, plants spreading or clumped; roots gingery-aromatic. Leaf: from rhizome, generally evergreen; blade cordate to reniform. Inflorescence: flower terminal, at ground level. Flower: generally dark colored; sepals forming tube, persistent; stamens 12, free from style, tips generally appendaged. Fruit: fleshy capsule. Seed: with fleshy appendage, ant-dispersed.
90 species: northern temperate. (Greek: derivation unknown) [Kelly 2001 Syst Bot 26:17–53]

Key to Asarum

A. marmoratum Piper MARBLED WILD-GINGER
NATIVE
Plants clumped; rhizomes deep, ± vertical. Leaf: blade ± white along major veins (green), margin hairs ± erect-spreading. Inflorescence: peduncle ± erect. Flower: calyx lobes ± erect in flower, olive-brown, tube dark red-maroon inside with scattered dark hairs; stamen tip > pollen sacs, dark.
Moist forest, exposed rocky slopes; 200–1800 m. Klamath Ranges (n Del Norte, Siskiyou cos.); southwestern Oregon. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Asarum lemmonii
Next taxon: Calycanthaceae

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 24 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Asarum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=14338, accessed on Oct 24 2014

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click for enlargement Asarum marmoratum
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2003 Norman Jensen

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Asarum marmoratum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.