|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0–5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3–5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or ± throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1–5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1–4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Chenopodiaceae
Subshrub, glabrous. Stem: generally many-branched, appearing jointed, green and fleshy when young, woody and not jointed in age. Leaf: opposite, sessile, base fused, decurrent, forming fleshy internode, tip obtuse to ± acute, soft. Inflorescence: spike, terminal, cylindric, dense; bracts leaf-like, fleshy; flowers 3(5) per axil, sessile, sunken in axis, free, not forming a 3-parted cavity at flower-fall. Flower: calyx fleshy, 3–4-lobed, deciduous in fruit; stamens 1–2; stigmas 2–3. Fruit: wall free from seed, membranous. Seed: vertical, seed coat hard, dark brown to black, tubercled; storage tissue (perisperm) abundant.
2 species: Mediterranean, California, northwestern Mexico. (Greek: jointed leg)
Plant 10–30 cm, clumps to 1 m diam. Stem: spreading to erect. Inflorescence: larger spikes 5–40 mm, 2–3 mm wide, fertile nodes < 20, non-flowering nodes distally generally < 14. Flower: anther 0.5–1 mm, dehiscing after exsertion. Seed: dark brown, 1–1.4 mm.
Salt marshes, alkaline flats; < 800 m. Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Channel Islands, w Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert; northern Mexico. [Salicornia subterminalis Parish] Apr–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Arthrocnemum
Next taxon: Atriplex
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 7 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Arthrocnemum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=14292, accessed on Mar 7 2014
Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Bioregions in which Arthrocnemum subterminale occurs|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
|View elevation by latitude chart|| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month