|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb, woody vine, [shrub], rhizomed, aromatic. Stem: branched, occasionally ± underground. Leaf: simple, basal, cauline, or arising from rhizome, alternate; blade generally cordate, entire. Inflorescence: flower generally 1, axillary or terminal. Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 3, free or fused; petals generally 0; stamens generally 6 or 12, free or fused to style; pistil generally 1, ovary ± or partly inferior, chambers generally 6. Fruit: generally capsule. Seed: many.
5–8 genera, ± 500 species: mainly tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated (Aristolochia, Asarum, Saruma). [Neinhaus et al. 2005 Plant Syst Evol 250:7–26] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Aristolochiaceae
Stem: generally climbing. Leaf: cauline. Inflorescence: flower axillary. Flower: [often foul smelling] sepals fused into a generally curved tube, deciduous, lobes 1–3; stamens 6, fused to style. Seed: flat.
± 400 species: generally tropics, warm temperate. (Greek: best birth, from use as medication in childbirth) [Ohi-Toma et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:481–492]
Plant soft-hairy. Stem: generally < 5 m, twining. Leaf: deciduous; blade 3–15 cm, ovate-cordate to sagittate. Flower: fragrance musty; sepals 3, tube 2–4 cm, U-shaped, ± green to pale brown, with thick ± yellow to red lining, veins purple. Fruit: winged capsule.
2n=28. Streamsides, forest, chaparral; < 700 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, n San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges. [Isotrema californicum (Torr.) H. Huber] Pollinated by fungus gnats. Jan–Apr [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Aristolochia
Next taxon: Asarum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Aristolochia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=14232, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2006 Matt Below
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Aristolochia californica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month