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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, woody vine, [ shrub], rhizomed, aromatic.
Stem: branched, occasionally ± underground.
Leaf: simple, basal, cauline, or arising from rhizome, alternate; blade generally cordate, entire.
Inflorescence: flower generally 1, axillary or terminal.
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 3, free or fused; petals generally 0; stamens generally 6 or 12, free or fused to style; pistil generally 1, ovary ± or partly inferior, chambers generally 6.
Fruit: generally capsule.
5–8 genera, ± 500 species: mainly tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated (Aristolochia, Asarum, Saruma). [Neinhaus et al. 2005 Plant Syst Evol 250:7–26] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Aristolochiaceae
Stem: generally climbing.
Inflorescence: flower axillary.
Flower: [often foul smelling] sepals fused into a generally curved tube, deciduous, lobes 1–3; stamens 6, fused to style.
± 400 species: generally tropics, warm temperate. (Greek: best birth, from use as medication in childbirth) [Ohi-Toma et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:481–492]
Stem: generally < 5 m, twining.
Leaf: deciduous; blade 3–15 cm, ovate- cordate to sagittate.
Flower: fragrance musty; sepals 3, tube 2–4 cm, U-shaped, ± green to pale brown, with thick ± yellow to red lining, veins purple.
Fruit: winged capsule.
2n=28. Streamsides, forest, chaparral; < 700 m. North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, n San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, n Outer South Coast Ranges.
Previous taxon: Aristolochia
Next taxon: Asarum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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