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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, shrub, generally ± green, parasitic on aboveground parts of woody plants; dioecious [ monoecious].
Stem: brittle; 2° branches generally many.
Leaf: simple, entire, opposite, 4-ranked, with blade or scale-like (then each pair generally fused).
Inflorescence: spikes or cymes, axillary or terminal; bracts opposite, 4-ranked, scale-like, each pair fused.
Flower: unisexual, radial, 2–4 mm; perianth parts in 1 series.
Staminate flower: perianth parts 3–4(7); anthers generally sessile, opposite and generally on perianth parts.
Pistillate flower: perianth parts generally 2–4; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, style unbranched, stigma ± obscure.
Fruit: berry, shiny.
Seed: 1(2), without thickened coat, gelatinous.
7 genera, ± 450 species: tropics, generally n temperate. All parts of most members may be TOXIC. [Kuijt 2003 Syst Bot Monogr 66:1–643] Sometimes included in Loranthaceae; parasitic on plants in many other families. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Kuijt 1969 Biol Parasitic Fl Plants; Kuijt 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:401–410; Kuijt 2003 Syst Bot Monogr 66:1–643]
Key to Viscaceae
Perennial, shrub, glabrous.Key to Arceuthobium
Stem: generally < 20 cm, ± angled at least when young, ± yellow, ± green, brown, purple; branches whorled or in 1 plane.
Leaf: < 1 mm, scale-like.
Inflorescence: generally spikes, peduncle short; flowers generally opposite, 4-ranked, less often whorled or 1, terminal.
Staminate flower: perianth parts generally 3–4; anthers ± 1-chambered.
Pistillate flower: perianth parts 2, persistent, minute.
Fruit: generally 2–5 mm, broadly fusiform-spheric, 2-colored (1 color below, 1 above); pedicel short, recurved; seeds projected to 15 m by fruit explosion.
26 species: temperate, tropics n hemisphere. (Greek: juniper, life) [Nickrent et al. 2004 Amer J Bot 91:125–138] Most important of timber pathogens; most species cause abnormal branching (witches' brooms) in hosts. Recent molecular studies support reunification of many w North America species under Arceuthobium campylopodum.
Stem: generally < 2 cm, 1 mm wide at base, green; 2° branches rare.
Seed: mature Sep–Oct.
n=14. Uncommon. Mixed-conifer woodland, on Pseudotsuga menziesii, rarely on associated Abies; 1500–2000 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range;
Previous taxon: Arceuthobium campylopodum
Next taxon: Phoradendron
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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