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ARALIACEAE GINSENG FAMILY

Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock, except as noted

Perennial herb, shrub, tree, woody vine; juvenile, flower plants generally unlike. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple or compound, generally alternate; stipules ± fused to ± sheathing, petiole base or 0. Inflorescence: umbels 1 to panicled; bracts deciduous or not. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, generally < 5 mm; sepals generally 5, fused at base, inconspicuous, persistent; petals generally 5, free, ± white to green, deciduous; stamens generally 5, generally alternate petals; ovary inferior, chambers 1–15, 1-ovuled, styles as many as chambers, free or fused, persistent. Fruit: berry or drupe, occasionally flat, dry.
47 genera, 1350 species: especially tropics, subtropics medicinal (e.g., Panax, ginseng; Aralia, sarsaparilla), ornamental (e.g., Aralia, Fatsia, Hedera, Polyscias). [Plunkett et al. 2004 Plant Syst Evol 245:1–39] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Araliaceae

ARALIA SPIKENARD
Stem: erect. Leaf: 1–3-pinnate, deciduous; stipule ± fused to petiole base. Inflorescence: umbels in clusters of 2–few or in spreading panicles. Fruit: berry. Seed: 3–5.
± 30 species: North America, Asia, Malaysia. (Latinized from old French Canadian, Aralie)

A. californica S. Watson ELK CLOVER
NATIVE
Perennial herb; roots large; sap milky. Stem: 2–3 m, stout. Leaf: 1–3-pinnate, 1–2 m, ± glabrous; petiole < 3 dm; leaflets 15–30 cm, ovate to oblong, serrate, base ± cordate. Inflorescence: 30–45 cm. Fruit: ± 5 mm, spheric, black.
2n=48. Moist shade, canyons, stream sides; < 2500 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; Oregon. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Aralia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13860, accessed on Nov 27 2014

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click for enlargement Aralia californica
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2006 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Aralia californica Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.