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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1–many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. [Hartmann 2002 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants Aizoaceae A-E (Vol 1) and F-Z (Vol 2). Springer; Vivrette et al. 2003 FNANM 4:75–91] Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85; Smith 1998 Mesembs of the World. Briza.]
Unabridged note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, ± smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
Key to Aizoaceae
Perennial herb, subshrub. Stem: prostrate or climbing, base woody; green, papillate. Leaf: opposite, near inflorescence alternate; petioled; blade flat, lanceolate or cordate, generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [or whorled], axillary [terminal], peduncled [not]. Flower: ± 1 cm diam; hypanthium obconic; sepals 4, 2 larger, leaf-like, 2 smaller, awl-shaped; petals fused at base; stamens many, outer sterile, petal-like, inner incurved, white or yellow; ovary inferior, chambers 4, placentas axile, style 0, stigmas 4. Fruit: capsule; valves 4, lids 0, wings 0. Seed: flat, tubercled, black-brown.
4 species: southern Africa. (Greek: wingless, for fruit)
Unabridged note: Klak, et al. (2007 Taxon 56:737–756) concluded that Aptenia should be in synonymy under Mesembryanthemum. Aptenia lancifolia J. Bolus (leaves ovate-cordate; petals pink) spreading, quite extensive from old planting at Point Reyes lighthouse.
Stem: 3–6 dm; nodes wide-spaced. Leaf: 1–3 cm, cordate, minutely papillate. Inflorescence: peduncle 8–15 mm. Flower: hypanthium 6–7 mm; sepals ± 5 mm; petals ± 3 mm, purple (red in cv. 'Red Apple'). Fruit: 13–15 mm.
n=6. Uncommon. Disturbed places, margins of coastal wetlands; < 100 m. Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands; native to southern Africa. [Mesembryanthemum cordifolium L. f.] Apr–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Aptenia
Next taxon: Carpobrotus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 24 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Aptenia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13650, accessed on Nov 24 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Aptenia cordifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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