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SAURURACEAE LIZARD'S-TAIL FAMILY

John W. Thieret & Elizabeth McClintock, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti

Perennial herb, generally rhizomed, of ± wet places. Leaf: simple, alternate; stipules generally fused to petiole. Inflorescence: spike [raceme], dense, many-flowered, generally terminal, subtended by involucre of petal-like bracts [or not], each flower generally subtended by 1 bract. Flower: small, bisexual; perianth 0; stamens [3]6(8), appearing to arise from inflorescence axis [or not]; ovary inferior [or superior], sunken into inflorescence axis [or not], compound, chamber generally 1 [or carpels fused only at base]; styles 3–4[5(7)], distinct. Fruit: capsule, ± fleshy, dehiscent near top [or mericarps]. Seed: [1 or] many, spheric or ovoid.
5 genera, 7 species: eastern Asia, North America. [Meng 2003 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 90:592–602] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

ANEMOPSIS

1 sp. (Greek: anemone-like, from inflorescence) [Howell 1971 Wasmann J Biol 29:97–100]

A. californica (Nutt.) Hook. & Arn. YERBA MANSA
NATIVE
Rhizome thick, woody. Stem: 8–80 cm, hollow, glabrous or hairy. Leaf: basal several, blade 3–20 cm, elliptic to oblong, base cordate or not, petiole 2–40 cm; cauline < basal, 1–few, 1 ovate, generally subsessile to clasping, subtending 1–3 with short petioles or not. Inflorescence: 1–4 cm, conic; involucre bracts 4–9, 0.3–3.5 cm, petal-like, white, often tinged ± red; flower bracts 3.5–6 mm, ± spoon-shaped, white.
Common. Saline or alkaline soil, wet or moist areas, seeps, springs; < 2000 m. High Cascade Range, s Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area(?), sw Sacramento Valley, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, South Coast, Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains(?), San Bernardino Mountains(?), Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert(?); to Oregon, Kansas, Texas, northwestern Mexico. Plants aromatic, once used to treat diseases of skin, blood. Mar–Sep [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Anemopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13392, accessed on Oct 30 2014

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click for enlargement Anemopsis californica
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2006 Steve Matson

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Anemopsis californica Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.