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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial herb from caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Leaf: basal, generally many, simple to compound, generally petioled; blade or leaflets lobed to dissected or not, margins entire or toothed; in flower or fruit withered or not. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or 2–7 in cymes; peduncle erect; pedicel elongated in fruit; involucre bracts sessile or stalked, generally in 1–2 whorls of 2–5, simple to compound, ± like leaves or leaflets in size, shape. Flower: receptacle elongated in fruit; sepals 5–10, petal-like; petals generally 0; stamens 10–200; pistils many, styles persistent as beaks. Fruit: achene.Key to Anemone
± 150 species: arctic, temperate worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: flower shaken by wind) [Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139–155] Species with long, plumose styles sometimes placed in Pulsatilla.
Unabridged references: [Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169–200]
Plant 10–60(75) cm; caudex branches 0–few. Leaf: (2)3–6(8); petiole 6–8(12) cm; blade generally 1-ternate, 1–2-pinnately lobed to dissected, soft-shaggy-hairy; terminal leaflet (2.5)3–6(8) cm, ovate; ultimate segments 2–3 mm wide, linear. Inflorescence: flowers generally 1; peduncle woolly to shaggy-hairy or ± glabrous; involucre bracts in 1 whorl of generally 3. Flower: sepals 5–7, 15–30 mm, 10–17(19) mm wide, ovate to obovate (elliptic), white to ± purple, abaxially soft-hairy; stamens 150–200. Fruit: body 3–4 mm, ellipsoid, densely woolly to soft-hairy; pedicel 15–20(22) cm; beak (18)20–40(50) mm, curved to reflexed, long-shaggy-hairy, plumose; aggregate spheric (cylindric).
2n=16. Open, rocky slopes, alpine; 1200–3200 m. Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada; to British Columbia, Montana. May–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Anemone multifida var. multifida
Next taxon: Anemone oregana var. oregana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 9 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Anemone, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13385, accessed on Mar 9 2014
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© 2008 George W. Hartwell
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