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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial herb from caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Leaf: basal, generally many, simple to compound, generally petioled; blade or leaflets lobed to dissected or not, margins entire or toothed; in flower or fruit withered or not. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or 2–7 in cymes; peduncle erect; pedicel elongated in fruit; involucre bracts sessile or stalked, generally in 1–2 whorls of 2–5, simple to compound, ± like leaves or leaflets in size, shape. Flower: receptacle elongated in fruit; sepals 5–10, petal-like; petals generally 0; stamens 10–200; pistils many, styles persistent as beaks. Fruit: achene.Key to Anemone
± 150 species: arctic, temperate worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: flower shaken by wind) [Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139–155] Species with long, plumose styles sometimes placed in Pulsatilla.
Unabridged references: [Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169–200]
Plant 5–30(40) cm; rhizome spreading. Leaf: 0–1; petiole 5–8 cm; leaflets ± like involucre bracts in size, shape. Inflorescence: flower 1; peduncle glabrous or ± hairy distally; involucre bracts in 1 whorl of 3, 1-ternate, glabrous (± hairy); terminal leaflet-like unit (1)1.5–3(4) cm, (0.4)0.7–1.5(2) cm wide, ovate or oblanceolate, margins crenate to serrate on distal 1/2–2/3. Flower: sepals 5(7), 3.5–8(10) mm, 1.5–3(3.5) mm wide, oblong (narrowly ovate), white, pink, or blue, glabrous; stamens 10–30(35). Fruit: body 3–4 mm, elliptic, flat, ± white-hairy; pedicel 1–3(4) cm; beak ± 0.5 mm, tapered, occasionally ± curved, glabrous; aggregate ± spheric.
2n=16. Moist shaded slopes, subalpine ridges; 100–1900 m. Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada; to British Columbia. May intergrade with Anemone grayi or Anemone oregana; study needed. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Anemone grayi
Next taxon: Anemone multifida var. multifida
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 10 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Anemone, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13362, accessed on Mar 10 2014
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