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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to tree, glandular or not.
Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous.
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel (" pedicel bractlets") generally 0–3(many), subtended by bract or generally not.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets (" hypanthium bractlets") 0–5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5–many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5.
Fruit: 1–many per flower, achene ( fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1–5 stones.
Seed: generally 1–5 (per fruit, not per flower).
110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. [Potter et al. 2007 Plant Syst Evol 266:5–43] Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis. —Scientific Editors: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332, 344–401, 611–662]
Key to Rosaceae
Shrub, small tree.Key to Amelanchier
Stem: bark gray- to red-brown; overwintering buds ovate to lanceolate, ± red to ± purple.
Leaf: simple, deciduous; stipules deciduous.
Inflorescence: raceme, cluster ( panicle), flowers 3–16+; pedicel bractlets generally 1–2.
Flower: hypanthium bell- to urn-shaped, bractlets 0; sepals persistent; petals erect to spreading, white (suffused with red); stamens ± 10–20; ovary inferior, 2–5-chambered, styles 2–5.
Fruit: pome of 2–5 papery segments, berry-like, generally spheric, generally blue-black.
± 25 species: temperate North America, Eurasia, n Africa. (Latin: from old French common name) Fr of some species used by Native Americans for food.
Unabridged references: [Jones 1946 Illinois Biol Monogr 20:1–126]
Unabridged note: Variation in Amelanchier in w North America not studied as extensively as in e North America, where hybridization, polyploidy, and apomixis have contributed to considerable taxonomic complexity (Campbell & Wright 1996 Folia Geobot Phytotax 31:345–354; http://biology.umaine.edu/Amelanchier).
Plant 0.5–5 m.
Stem: twigs glabrous (n DMtns) to generally white-hairy.
Leaf: blade 13–45 mm, 10–45 mm wide, generally serrate above middle, abaxially hairy in flower, finely hairy in fruit.
Inflorescence: 2–3 cm; flowers 3–6.
Flower: petals 6–11 mm; ovary top hairy; styles 2–4(5).
Fruit: 6–10 mm diam.
Open, rocky slopes, canyons, banks of creeks, deserts, conifer forest; 200–3400 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains;
Previous taxon: Amelanchier alnifolia var. semiintegrifolia
Next taxon: Aphanes
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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