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AMARYLLIDACEAE AMARYLLIS FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, ± fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, ± tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] ± fused, radial or not; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, ± united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
± 60 genera, 800 species. [Meerow & Snijman 2006 Aliso 22:355–366] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Amaryllidaceae

AMARYLLIS

1 sp. (Greek: a shepherdess name in classical poetry)

A. belladonna L. NAKED LADIES
NATURALIZED
Bulb 5–10+ cm. Stem: 30–60 cm, stout. Leaf: linear, 30–45 cm, 1.5–3 cm wide. Inflorescence: umbel-like, appearing after leaves withered; bracts scarious; pedicels 2–4 cm. Flower: perianth spreading or ± reflexed, funnel-shaped, parts 5–8 cm, fused ± 1 cm, ± pink, sometimes white or yellow basally, crown 0; filaments >> anthers; stigma ± spheric or minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, ± spheric, dehiscing irregularly. Seed: 0 [few, fleshy, white or ± pink].
Disturbed sites, often around abandoned home sites; < 750 m. Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, San Bernardino Mountains; Louisiana, temperate tropics, South America, Africa, Mediterranean. Jul–Sep [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Amaryllis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=12964, accessed on Sep 30 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Amaryllis belladonna Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.