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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual, hairy, ± minutely glandular. Stem: erect, generally branched. Leaf: alternate, dark green, generally deeply pinnate-lobed, ± palmate-lobed upward; lobes linear to lanceolate, blunt-tipped, central lobe widest. Inflorescence: flowers generally in clusters. Flower: calyx tube narrowly membranous between lobes, lobes blunt-tipped, translucent below in fruit, membrane splitting; corolla radial or bilateral, funnel-shaped, throat narrow, tapered, lobes narrowly obovate; stamens attached in tube. Fruit: < calyx, spheric; valves generally falling. Seed: 1–3 per chamber, concave, black or brown, gelatinous when wet, ends rounded.Key to Allophyllum
4 species: western North America. (Greek: other leaf) [Grant & Grant 1955 Aliso 3:93–110]
Plant odor skunk-like. Stem: < 60 cm; glands generally long-stalked. Leaf: lobes of lower 3–13, 4–8 mm wide, ± lanceolate. Inflorescence: open or dense; flowers 2–8 in clusters; pedicels elongating in fruit. Flower: corolla 8–22 mm, tube red-purple, lobes 2–4 mm, pink; stamens unequal, included or longest exserted; style included or exserted. Seed: 1–3 per chamber, brown.
2n=16,18. Sandy areas, chaparral, woodland; 300–1800 m. Klamath Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, s Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Allophyllum
Next taxon: Allophyllum gilioides
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Allophyllum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=12696, accessed on Nov 22 2014
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© 2006 Steve Matson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Allophyllum divaricatum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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