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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub, tree; generally dioecious.
Stem: occasionally thorny; bark often bitter.
Leaf: generally alternate, simple, entire, or pinnately compound, leaflets subentire to toothed near base.
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, or flowers 1.
Flower: unisexual, inconspicuous; sepals generally 4–5, generally fused at base, generally erect; petals generally 5, free, generally spreading; stamens generally 10, generally on disk, filaments often with a basal scale; pistils 1–8, ovaries superior, 1–2-chambered, 1-ovuled [if pistil 1, chambers generally 2–5, 1-ovuled], styles free or partly fused.
Fruit: winged achenes or drupes [ berry, nut], in clusters [not].
22 genera, 100 species: tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated. [Clayton et al. 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:1325–1339] Bark, leaves used traditionally to treat malaria, other ailments. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Brizicky 1962 J Arnold Arbor 43:173–186; Fernando & Quinn 1995 Taxon 44:177–181]
Key to Simaroubaceae
Plant ± dioecious, with a few bisexual flowers.
Leaf: generally ± odd- pinnate, ill-smelling when crushed, deciduous.
Inflorescence: large panicle, terminal.
Flower: calyx lobes 5–6; petals 5–6; stamens 10–12; ovaries very compressed, adherent near middle, styles ± free but twisted together.
Fruit: 1–5, ± pendent, seed near middle.
5 species: se Asia, Australasia. (Moluccan: sky tree) [Corbett & Manchester 2004 Int J Plant Sci 165:671–690]
Plant < 20 m; young parts ± glandular-puberulent.
Leaf: 3–9 dm; leaflets 13–25, 8–13 cm, lanceolate, base generally ± truncate, with 2–4 teeth, each with a large gland abaxially.
Inflorescence: 10–20 cm.
Flower: sepals < 1 mm, petals 2–3 mm, spreading.
Fruit: < 5 cm, linear or oblong.
Disturbed areas, grassland, oak woodland, riparian areas; < 1860 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California (except Channel Islands), White and Inyo Mountains, Desert Mountains;
Previous taxon: Ailanthus
Next taxon: Castela
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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