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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0–3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0–5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5–many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5. Fruit: 1–many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1–5 stones. Seed: generally 1–5 (per fruit, not per flower).
110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. [Potter et al. 2007 Plant Syst Evol 266:5–43] Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis. —Scientific Editors: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332, 344–401, 611–662]
Key to Rosaceae
Tree [(shrub)], thorny or not. Leaf: simple, toothed (entire). Inflorescence: few-flowered clusters at ends of short-shoots; pedicel bractlets generally 2–3, deciduous. Flower: hypanthium bractlets 0; stamens 20–30; ovary inferior, chambers 2–5, 2-ovuled, styles 2–5, ± free. Fruit: pome, generally ± obovoid; flesh gritty from stone cells.
± 25 species: northern temperate. (Latin: pear) Pyrus calleryana Dcne. (callery pear) possibly naturalized in California.
Unabridged note: Pyrus calleryana Dcne. (callery pear), distinguished from Pyrus communis by its small fruits and curved stipules, frequently escapes from cultivation in eastern United States. In California, collections from Sacramento Co. are likely from rootstocks of abandoned pear trees, but a collection from Butte Co. is of escaped saplings, suggesting potential for more widespread escape in California.
Previous taxon: Pyracantha koidzumii
Next taxon: Pyrus communis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 5 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pyrus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11260, accessed on Mar 5 2015
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