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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Danica T. Harbaugh

Perennial herb, subshrub, green root-parasite; stems, leaves glabrous. Leaf: entire, simple [reduced to scales], alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally small, simple or compound cymes, axillary or terminal. Flower: bisexual [unisexual]; calyx 0; petals 4–6; stamens opposite petals, on fleshy disk; ovary inferior, chamber 1, ovules 2–4, suspended from top of free-central placenta, style 1, stigma lobes 2–4. Fruit: drupe. Seed: 1, spheric [ovoid].
2 genera, 2 species: North America, Europe, Mediterranean. [Nickrent et al. 2010 Taxon 59:538–558] Segregated, along with other families, from otherwise paraphyletic Santalaceae (Nickrent et al.). —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553]

Rhizome extensive. Stem: green, blue-green, or ± gray, striate. Leaf: ± sessile. Flower: subtended by bractlet; calyx tube bell- or urn-shaped, lobes 5(6); stamen base hair-tufted. Fruit: crowned by persistent calyx.
4 species: 3 America, 1 Europe. (Greek: hair, man, for hairy stamen bases)
Unabridged references: [Piehl 1965 Mem Torrey Bot Club 22(1):1–97]

Previous taxon: Comandraceae
Next taxon: Comandra umbellata subsp. californica


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Comandra, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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