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CARYOPHYLLACEAE PINK FAMILY

Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caryophyllaceae

GYPSOPHILA BABY'S-BREATH
Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: blade ± lanceolate to oblong; veins 1–3, often faint. Inflorescence: generally panicle-like, terminal; flowers ± few to many; pedicels 1–35+ mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous or glandular-hairy, tube ± prominent, ± 1.3–5 mm, 0.8–2 mm diam, cup- to bell-shaped, round to angled in ×-section, white-scarious between sepals, veins ± 5, teeth 0.2–1 mm, < tube, lanceolate to triangular; petals 5, ± 2.2–9 mm, claw long, limb entire to notched; styles 2, 1.2–2.5 mm. Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric; teeth 4, ascending to recurved. Seed: 2–several, black.
150 species: temperate Eurasia, northern Africa, Australia. (Greek: gypsum lover, from habitat of 1 sp.) [Pringle 2005 FNANM 5:153–156]

Key to Gypsophila

Previous taxon: Eremogone ursina
Next taxon: Gypsophila elegans

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 3 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Gypsophila, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=10434, accessed on Sep 3 2014

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