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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial herb, generally glabrous. Stem: short, simple, stout, scaly. Leaf: 1–2-ternate or -pinnate, basal, petioled. Inflorescence: scapose, generally 1–4-flowered. Flower: bisexual or some staminate; sepals 5–8, petal-like, early-deciduous; petals 5–7, clawed, club-like with nectary at tip, or linear with nectary near base; pistils 4–15, short-stalked. Fruit: follicles, stalked, in umbel-like clusters, glabrous, walls papery, ± translucent. Seed: tan to dark brown, shiny, generally appearing wrinkled.
± 10 species: temperate North America, eastern Asia. (Greek: cut, from leaves) Petals sometimes considered modified staminodes.
Previous taxon: Consolida ajacis
Next taxon: Coptis laciniata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Coptis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=10130, accessed on Nov 25 2015
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