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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Tree, branches ending in thorn or not; dioecious. Leaf: simple or compound; leaflets 5–20, ± leathery, ± resinous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to ± dense; pedicels short. Flower: sepals, petals ± white to ± yellow; stamens 10, 2 whorls of 5, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base. Fruit: drupe, spheric, leathery, shiny, generally pink to red; pulp resinous to oily, aromatic.
± 25 species: tropics, warm temperate South America. (Greek: ancient name) [Carmello-Guerreiro & Paoli 2002 Brazil Arch Biol Technol 45:73–79]
Unabridged references: [Las Penas et al. 2006 Arnaldoa 13(2):270–275; Randall 2000 In: Bossard et al., eds, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands; Hoffmann 1998 Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central, Claudio Gay Fundacion, Santiago; Sanders 1996 Madroño 43:530; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Barkley 1957 Lilloa 28:5–110; Barkley 1944 Brittonia 5:160–198]

Key to Schinus

1. Plant < 5 m, branches ending in thorn; leaves simple ..... S. polygamus

1' Plant >= 5 m, branches not ending in thorn; leaves compound

2. Distal branches, twigs flexible, drooping; leaflets generally > 15, generally < 1 cm wide ..... S. molle

2' Distal branches, twigs stiff, spreading to erect; leaflets 7(13), generally > 1 cm wide ..... S. terebinthifolius


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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