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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual to perennial herb, unarmed.
Stem: erect, < 6 dm, branched, glabrous or hairy.
Leaf: generally < 1 dm, pinnately lobed or dissected.
Inflorescence: ± spheric; outermost flowers generally larger; peduncle often long; involucre bracts ± equal, lanceolate, flexible; involucel tubular, 8-ribbed, with expanded, fan-like, many-veined limb or not.
Flower: calyx limb divided into 5 bristles; corolla generally blue, purple, pink, or white, lobes 5, upper 2 smaller; stamens 4(2).
Fruit: ± angled, generally hairy.
± 80 species: temperate Eurasia, Africa. (Latin: itch, from medicinal use)
1. Involucel tube without openings; stem ± glabrous; corolla purple, white, or pink; plant generally biennial ..... S. atropurpurea
1' Involucel tube with 8 valve-like openings; stem shaggy-hairy; corolla blue; plant generally annual ..... [S. stellata]
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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