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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial, rooting at nodes, submersed; dioecious or some flowers bisexual.
Stem: slender, generally branched.
Leaf: often 2 per node proximally, 3–7 distally, sessile, minutely serrate, midrib abaxially ± smooth.
Inflorescence: axillary, sessile or not; flower 1; bract generally notched.
Staminate flower: floating, deciduous or not; perianth tube elongate, slender, peduncle-like; stamens 3–9.
Pistillate flower: floating; perianth tube elongate, slender, peduncle-like; style slender, stigmas 3, lobes 0 or 2.
Fruit: cylindric to ovoid.
Seed: several, smooth.
± 12 species: temperate, tropical America. (Greek: of marshes)
Unabridged references: [St. John, 1965 Rhodora 67:1–35, 155–180]
1. Mid-stem leaves 2–3 per node, tip rounded or obtuse; staminate inflorescence bract 10–42 mm ..... E. bifoliata
1' Mid-stem leaves 3(4) per node, tip obtuse, abruptly pointed, or acute; staminate inflorescence bract 2.2–13.5 mm
2. Lvs 2–5 mm wide, tip obtuse to abruptly pointed; staminate flowers deciduous in late bud or when flowers open, petals ± 5 mm; pistillate sepals ± 2–3 mm ..... E. canadensis
2' Lvs 0.3–2 mm wide, tip acute; staminate flowers deciduous in bud, petals generally 0 or ± 0.5 mm; pistillate sepals ± 1 mm ..... E. nuttallii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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