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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual, biennial, perennial herb, shrub, ± glabrous to stellate-hairy.
Stem: erect, herbaceous to soft-woody.
Leaf: petioled; blade ovate to lanceolate, shallowly to deeply 5–7(9)-lobed or lobes 0, generally crenate to dentate.
Inflorescence: raceme-like or generally flowers 1[several] in leaf axils; bractlets 3, fused generally 1/2.
Flower: generally showy; petals pink, purple, rose-purple or white, dark-veined or not; anthers near top of filament tube, below, generally not clustered; stigmas linear, on inner side of style branches.
Fruit: ± disk-like; segments (6)10–19, indehiscent, smooth or variously ribbed and/or hairy, outer edges generally rounded, beak 0.
Seed: 1 per segment, generally not firmly enclosed by, readily separating from fruit wall, reniform, glabrous.
± 12 species: Eur, especially Medit, Asia, Africa. (Lavater brothers, 17th century Swiss physicians, naturalists) [Ray 1998 Novon 8:288–295] Most species transferred to Malva, primarily on molecular data (Ray 1995, 1998); other commonly cultivated species that may escape including Lavatera cashmiriana Camb., Lavatera thuringiaca L.
Unabridged references: [Ray 1995 Plant Syst Evol 198:29–53; Ray 1998 Novon 8(3): 288–295]
1. Shrub, generally 1–2 m; flowers purple-violet ..... L. olbia
1' Annual, biennial, generally 0.5–1 m; flowers bright rose-pink or white ..... [L. trimestris]
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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