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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± elongate, outer coat white to brown, often fibrous; generally not heterostylous.
Leaf: basal, linear.
Inflorescence: panicle, peduncled; flowers, buds 1–several per node; bracts scarious.
Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or ± pink, twisted together above ovary in fruit; stamens 6, attached to base of perianth, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style thread-like, deciduous, stigma ± 3-lobed.
Fruit: stalked, loculicidal.
Seed: 1–2 per chamber, ovoid, black.
5 species: w North America, especially CA. (Greek: green milk or juice) [Jernstedt 2006 FNANM 26:307–310]
Unabridged references: [Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137–147]
1. Fls open during day
2. Perianth white or ± pink; flowers, buds 2–several per node ..... C. parviflorum
2' Perianth deep blue to purple; flowers, buds 1 per node ..... C. purpureum
3. Infl 25–40 cm ..... var. purpureum
3' Infl 10–20 cm ..... var. reductum
1' Fls open in evening
4. Lf 2–5 mm wide, margin ± flat ..... C. angustifolium
4' Lf 4–25 mm wide, margin generally wavy
5. Pedicels 2–5 mm, << perianth ..... C. grandiflorum
5' Pedicels 5–35 mm, ± >= perianth ..... C. pomeridianum
6. Bulb coat membranous or with few coarse fibers ..... var. minus
6' Bulb coat not membranous, with many coarse fibers
7. Infl < 40 cm, ± prostrate or branches spreading from base ..... var. divaricatum
7' Infl 50–250 cm, erect ..... var. pomeridianum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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