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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
[Perennial herb] shrub [tree], < 2 m, aromatic. Leaf: petioled, generally reduced to sessile bracts distally; blade generally 4–12 cm, lanceolate to ovate, rounded to cordate at base, crenate or serrate to entire. Inflorescence: raceme, open; bracts 1 per flower, leaf-like, lanceolate; pedicels persistent after fruit-fall. Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± 2-lipped, scarlet-purple in age, enlarging in fruit, generally falling with fruit; corolla 5-lobed, 2-lipped, white to lavender tinged, lower lip longer, upper lip 4-lobed; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included in throat, anther sacs spreading; style 2-lobed, included in throat. Fruit: 2–4 mm, round to oblong, black to dark brown, glabrous or minutely hairy.
± 55 species: California, Hawaii, Mexico, South America. (I.I. Lepechin, Russian botanist, 1737–1802) [Boyd & Mistretta 2006 Madroño 53:77–84]
1. Bracts >> to ± = subtended flower, gradually reduced distally on stem, ± overlapping at inflorescence tip; inflorescence axis abruptly bent 60–90° relative to stem ..... L. rossii
1' Bracts < to << subtended flower, much reduced distally on stem, not overlapping at inflorescence tip; inflorescence axis straight to curved or bent < 60° relative to stem
2. Pedicel 0–1 cm; calyx spheric in fruit; fruit minutely hairy ..... L. calycina
2' Pedicel generally 1–4 cm; calyx bell-shaped in fruit; fruit glabrous
3. Calyx lobes clearly < tube ..... L. cardiophylla
3' Calyx lobes generally ± >= tube
4. Calyx hairs dense, generally 0.5–2 mm, lobes generally > (<) tube ..... L. fragrans
4' Calyx hairs sparse, << 0.5 mm, lobes generally ± = tube ..... L. ganderi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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