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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Perennial herb; corm ovoid, cover fibrous. Stem: erect, stiff, branched or not. Leaf: generally basal, 2-ranked, < 3 dm, lanceolate to ± sickle-shaped, midvein prominent. Inflorescence: spike; flowers few, scattered; flower bracts papery, crinkled, streaked with brown, cut into lance-linear segments in upper half or at tip. Flower: radial or bilateral; perianth funnel-shaped or cylindric, tube < to > lobes; stamens free; style branches entire. Fruit: capsule, ovoid, firm. Seed: several, large, spheric, shiny, coat hard.
15 species: southern Africa. (Greek: to tear, from cut bracts) [Goldblatt 1999 Fl Southern Africa 7(2:1):150–168]
Unabridged references: [Goldblatt 1969 J S African Bot 35:219–252]
Many species, hybrids cultivated as ornamental.

Key to Sparaxis

1. Perianth tube 10–15 mm, lobes cream-white to yellow or violet, basally generally with dark marks; flower bilateral; bracts cut into lance-linear segments in upper half ..... [S. grandiflora]

1' Perianth tube < 10 mm, lobes orange, basally with yellow marks bordered distally by dark red-brown; flower radial; bracts cut irregularly at tip ..... [S. tricolor]


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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