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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



Martin F. Wojciechowski & James Grimes

Perennial herb, unarmed, gland-dotted, hairs glandular, nonglandular, or both; roots deep, woody, enlarged near ground surface. Stem: main axis erect, nearly 0 to short; branches short, decumbent to ascending, underground or not. Leaf: ± palmately compound, ± basal or clustered near stem tips; stipules at base of plant fused, those above free; leaflets 5–7, elliptic to oblanceolate or widely obovate. Inflorescence: raceme, basal, axillary, or terminal on branches, with 1 sometimes late-deciduous bract and 2–3 flowers per node. Flower: calyx base swollen on top, tube enlarging in fruit; corolla at least partly blue to purple; 9 filaments fused, 1 less so or free; ovary ± hairy, ovule 1, style tip curved to bent, stigma head-like. Fruit: included in calyx except for beak, transversely dehiscent, hairy, rarely glandular. Seed: 1, elliptic, smooth or ridged.
21 species: southern Canada to central Mexico. (Greek: plain apple) Pediomelum mephiticum (S. Watson) Rydb. incorrectly reported for southern California.
Unabridged references: [Grimes 1990 Mem New York Bot Gard 61:1–114]

Key to Pediomelum

1. Leaves on plant all palmately compound, leaflets 15–28 mm; pedicel 4–6 mm; seed smooth ..... P. californicum

1' Leaves on plant both palmately and subpalmately compound (1 leaflet extended beyond others), leaflets 25–42 mm; pedicel 0–1.5 mm; seed ridged ..... P. castoreum


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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