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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Annual, biennial, glabrous. Stem: erect, branched or simple below inflorescence. Leaf: cauline, opposite, also basal or not. Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: parts generally in 5s; calyx lobes >> tube (discounting thin membrane between lobes in Centaurium tenuiflorum), ± appressed to corolla tube; corolla salverform, generally pink, lobes < tube, elliptic-oblong, entire or minutely toothed at tip, scales 0, nectary pits 0 (nectaries elsewhere 0); stamens initially curved to 1 side, dehisced anthers spirally twisted; ovary sessile, style thread-like (much wider than filaments), cleft 0.5–1 mm, deciduous, stigmas 2, elliptic to ovate.
± 15 species: temperate, dry-mesic tropics, ± Eurasia, northern Africa, Mexico. (Latin: centaur, mythological discoverer of plants medicinal properties) Native species moved to Zeltnera.

Key to Centaurium

1. Pedicels 1–5(11) mm; inflorescence generally not flat-topped ..... [C. pulchellum]

1' Pedicels 0–2 mm; inflorescence ± flat-topped

2. Basal leaves generally rosetted, ± persistent; corolla lobes 4.5–8 mm ..... C. erythraea

2' Basal leaves ± not rosetted, ± deciduous; corolla lobes 2–4.5 mm ..... C. tenuiflorum


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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