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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial; caudex generally large, tuber-like.
Stem: climbing or trailing, woody below or not, often prickly ± throughout.
Leaf: alternate, deciduous or persistent; base rounded to sagittate; petiole tendrils generally 2.
Inflorescence: umbels or clusters, axillary.
Flower: perianth parts white to ± green or ± yellow; ovary chambers generally 3, stigmas spreading.
Fruit: black, purple, blue, or red (white).
Seed: 1–6, black.
± 350 species: especially tropics, also temperate North America, e Asia. (Greek: origin uncertain) [Cameron & Fu 2006 Aliso 22:598–605]
Unabridged references: [Cameron, K. M. & C. Fu. 2006. A nuclear rDNA phylogeny of Smilax (Smilacaceae). Aliso 22:598–605]
1. St not shiny, generally armed with needle-like prickles; staminate flowers 5–6 mm; pistillate flowers 3–3.5 mm ..... S. californica
1' St smooth, shiny, unarmed; staminate and pistillate flowers ± 2.5 mm ..... S. jamesii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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