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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


(Annual) [perennial herb] to shrub, generally with rhizome; glands salt-secreting. Stem: prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, generally rooting. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, united by a single sheath, ± clustered, simple, 1–15 mm, salt-encrusted, generally persistent; blade obovate to oblong-oblanceolate or elliptic, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margin entire, rolled under; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4–7, fused, ribbed; petals 4–7, free, white to pink or blue-purple, overlapping, clawed, with adaxial scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3–12(25), 2-whorled, outer whorl shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1–4, styles 1–4, exserted, ovules 1–many. Fruit: loculicidal capsule within persistent calyx. Seed: 1–many, ivory to gold-brown.
90 species: especially coastal and semi-arid regions; soils high in salt, gypsum, or calcium. (Johann Frankenius, colleague of Linnaeus) [Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1–93]

Key to Frankenia

1. Annual; stem 1–8 cm ..... [F. pulverulenta]

1' Subshrub or shrub; stem 10–60 cm

2. Leaf blade 2–7 mm, generally < 1 mm wide, margins strongly thickened, tightly rolled under, lower surface obscured; petals 3–7 mm ..... F. palmeri

2' Leaf blade 4–15 mm, 1–6 mm wide, margins not strongly thickened, weakly rolled under, lower surface ± exposed; petals 6–14 mm ..... F. salina


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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